Category

Technology

Deepfakes / Image Rights

Deepfakes and the Law: an excerpt from my Society of Computers & Law Webinar

On Tuesday, 8 September 2020, I was delighted to give a webinar for the Society of Computers & Law entitled Me and my Deepfake: a closer look at image rights and our digital selves. SCL is a fantastic educational charity so, if you like what you see here, I would encourage you to join SCL or perhaps donate to their organisation. My webinar was structured into three main sections: the technology behind deepfakes, the real world risks they can pose, and different laws which may be available to combat an unwanted deepfake. In this post, I’m going to share my…

Deepfakes

The Tech Behind Deepfakes

I am by no means a computer programmer, let alone an expert in artificial intelligence. But I have done a lot of research on AI and machine learning in the context of deepfakes. In this post, I summarise some of the key concepts underpinning how deepfakes are made. Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence is often associated with a system such as Skynet, the computer with superintelligence that stars, albeit off screen, as the antagonist in the Terminator films. Such computers are often portrayed as sentient and self-aware, and may one day replicate or potentially even surpass human intelligence to form cultures…

Artificial Intelligence / Film and TV

Using AI in Film Studio Decision-Making

An “auteur” is a film director who influences their films so much that they rank as an author, and the auteur theory of filmmaking is one that frames the director as the primary creative force in a motion picture. Are we moving into an era in which artificial intelligence algorithm – rather than the auteur – is behind the magic of the movies? In this article for JURIST, I consider several legal and social implications of using AI in the film industry. The global movie industry generated over $43 (£33) billion in revenue in 2018, of which the United States’ contribution…

Deepfakes

Deepfakes: 2019 in Review

By now, many people are aware of Deepfakes: a form of digital impersonation, in which the face and voice of a person can be superimposed into video and audio recordings of another individual. But much has happened from technological, social and legal perspectives since deepfakes first surfaced in 2017. Here’s a roundup of the technological and legal changes we’ve seen. Deepfakes are now mainstream 2019 has seen deepfakes go from niche novelty to mainstream phenomenon. As any moviegoer knows, computer-generated special effects are nothing new. But deepfakes have captured the public’s imagination because they can be created with startling accuracy…

Deepfakes

Deepfake Laws: What’s on the Statute Books?

Given the risk that deepfakes pose, some lawmakers assert that new, specific regulations are needed to curtail the proliferation of the technology.  Here is a list of laws (including proposals for new legislation*) which specifically address deepfakes, last updated October 2019.