Deepfakes – my work and research

Deepfakes are a type of audiovisual content manipulated with artificial intelligence. They purport to show someone doing something they did not do, and in such a realistic way that the unaided observer cannot detect the fake. Over the last few years I’ve written and spoken extensively on the risks – and opportunities – that this technology poses to society, businesses, and individuals.

  • Personality Rights: From Hollywood to Deepfakes. AI In the Audiovisual Sector, European Audiovisual Observatory (January 2021)

  • Do Deepfakes Pose a Golden Opportunity? Considering Whether English Law Should Adopt California’s Publicity Right in the Age of the Deepfake. Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, Volume 15, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages 40–48.
  • Advisory Board member. is a research and development project focusing on disinformation analysis and AI supported verification tools and services. The Board members support the consortium with their complementary expertise and by providing input based on members’ respective track records in data protection, algorithmic governance, technical expertise and platform regulation.
  • Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA), European Parliament (April 2021). Interviewed by Dr Linda Nierling and Dr Jutta Jahnel, in relation to the European Union’s regulatory landscape with respect to deepfakes and their legal implications. The interview was conducted to assist with the EU’s development of policy options relevant to the European Parliament and European Commission, including the new Special Committee on Artificial Intelligence.
  • Collective Bargaining Negotiations (April 2023) Angelica Varona, Pepperdine Law Review

  • The death and life of Jang Nayeon: a case for personality rights in the digital layers of reality (April 2023)  Amber Boothe, International Journal of Law and Information Technology

  • Image rights in the digital universe (July 2022) Prof. Frederick Mostert, Sheyna Cruz, Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice

  • A New Reality: Deepfake Technology and the World around Us (2022) Molly Mullen, 48 Mitchell Hamline Law. Review 16th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (February 2021)  Dr Juan Lopez Jr, et al, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy

  • Deepfakes Are Coming: Does Australia Come Prepared? (2021) Federica Celli, Canberra Law School, Canberra Law Review Privacy Intelligence: A Survey on Image Sharing on Online Social Networks  (August 2020)  Chi Liu et al, University of Technology Sydney

  • Regulating Deepfake Technology: Legislative possibilities in the Netherlands to obstruct the use of deepfake technology for the creation of non-consensual pornography (May 2020)  Daphne Stevens, Tilburg Law School

  • Deepfake Technology in The Entertainment Industry: Potential Limitations And Protections  (March 2020)  Arts Management & Technology Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University

  • Legal opinion on deepfakes and platform responsibility (2020) Dr Emma Perot, King’s College London